Inel company proposes these chambers only with his own X-ray diffractometers.

Many scientists are studying phase transitions to determine materials properties. Other physical methods can be used, but only X-ray diffraction is able to provide information on the overall structure of the compound. One usual problem is relative to unstable compounds where structure can evolve quickly. By using an Inel curved detector, all data are collected simultaneously over a wide angular range under the same experimental conditions (temperature, pressure, gazeous, etc.).

To use the chamber the desired parameters are entered, such as temperature, ramp rate, acquisition, data storage, etc. in the experimental device controller setup menu.  When the cheap cialis in usa experiment is started, the preset procedures are automatically carried out in the order they are entered.  A very fast communication protocol is used; duty cycles as short as a few seconds can be set thus allowing one to follow very fast structural changes.  At the end of the experiment, the accumulated diffraction patterns are displayed.


Environmental Heating for homogeneous Sample Temperature, HTK 1200N / HTK 1200N Capillary / CAPFUR

The HTK 1200N is an advanced high-temperature chamber with a robust design for in-situ X-ray diffraction studies in different atmospheres up to 1200 °C. Its environmental heater guarantees excellent uniformity of the sample temperature. Use the HTK 1200N for different types of in-situ X-ray investigations, including studies of phase transformations, structure determination, and studies of chemical reactions. The novel capillary extension turns this well-known chamber into a powerful capillary heater.

The CAPFUR furnace is a dedicated attachment for performing variable temperature studies with samples in capillaries. It can reach 450°C and is easily mounted on a capillary sample holder. A ceramic rod isolates thermal diffusion from the goniometer head.

Filament heating up to 2300 °C, HTK 16N / HTK 2000N

The HTK 16N and HTK 2000N high temperature chambers are well-proven instruments for in-situ X-ray diffraction studies up to 1600 °C and 2300 °C, respectively. The sample is directly heated with a heating filament. The design of options zoloft 25 mg HTK 16N and HTK 2000N allows you to work at high temperatures in different atmospheres. The instruments are made of high-quality materials to guarantee a long lifetime.

Low temperature XRD studies, TTK 450

The TTK 450 Low-Temperature Chamber is a non-ambient attachment for powder X-ray diffraction studies in reflection geometry from -193 °C to +450 °C. Your samples can be measured in vacuum, air or inert gas. The TTK 450 fits all common powder diffractometers and is the instrument of choice for X-ray structure analysis at low temperatures, e.g. for the characterization of pharmaceutical samples or plastics. 

In-situ XRD Investigations of Solid State Reactions, XRK 900 / HPC 900

The XRK 900 reactor chamber is the only heating chamber on the market specifically designed for X-ray diffraction experiments for studies of solid state and solid state-gas reactions up to 900 °C and 10 bars. It is a unique tool for in-situ X-ray diffraction investigations - unmatched in robustness and performance.

HPC 900 is a unique high-pressure and high-temperature chamber for in-situ X-ray diffraction studies of gas-solid interactions. HPC 900 can be pressurized. Its furnace heater provides uniform sample heating and excellent temperature control. HPC 900 has been designed with the focus on in-situ studies in hydrogen gas, but other gases can be used as well. Despite the extreme operating conditions, the sample can be exchanged easily without any tools. HPC 900 opens up completely new possibilities in hydrogen energy research and catalyst development.

Studies Under Controlled Temperature and cialis discount prices Realtive Humidity Conditions, CHCplus+

CHC plus+ is a unique combination of the multi-purpose CHC Cryo & Humidity Chamber and an advanced humidity (RH) generator for the analysis of humidity-dependent and/or temperature-dependent structural changes in materials using X-ray diffraction. Investigations into pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, clays or zeolites can be carried out in humid gas, air, inert gas or vacuum. Controlled humidity is possible for sample temperatures from 10 °C to 80 °C. Due to its versatility, the new combined CHC plus+ setup opens new dimensions in analysis for materials science and is a true "workhorse" for the pharmaceutical industry.

In-situ studies of Mechanical Material Properties, TS 600


The TS 600 Tensile Stage is a compact and powerful sample stage for in-situ X-ray diffraction studies of stress/strain phenomena in fibers, foils and thin films. It is the first commercial sample stage specifically designed for in-situ XRD investigations of www.tijdschriftvoorwatergovernance.nl structural changes in materials under mechanical load. Because of its compactness and low weight, the instrument can be used on synchrotrons as well as on laboratory X-ray diffractometers. In addition to these features it also it can be operated in transmission and reflection modes to gain new insights into the buy cheapest online place cialis world of strain and http://www.oratorioterno.it/index.php/can-i-buy-viagra-online/ stress.

Heating Attachment for 4-circle goniometers, DHS 1100

DHS 1100 Domed Hot Stage is a further development of the well-established DHS 900 Domed Hot Stage. It has an increased temperature range of 25 to 1100 °C and an innovative graphite dome which requires no cooling parts above the dome. DHS 1100 is small and lightweight and can be mounted on almost all common four-circle goniometers and many XYZ stages. Samples can be studied in vacuum, air and various other gases. DHS 1100 is an excellent sample stage for in-situ high-temperature studies of phase transformations, texture, and internal stress in crystalline materials.

Low Temperature Attachment for 4-circle goniometers and XYZ Stages, DCS 350

The DCS 350 Domed Cooling Stage is the smallest attachment for in-situ X-ray diffraction studies at low and high temperatures on four-circle goniometers and XYZ stages. With a temperature range from -100 °C to +350 °C and a theta angle from almost 0° to 90° 2theta for all phi angles, DCS 350 is the ideal sample stage for in-situ studies of layered structures and for investigating phase transformations and discount cialis canada topics stress in crystalline material.



Except CAPFUR model, all heating attachments are presented with the authorization of Anton Paar company (Graz, Austria).       © Anton Paar

Anton-Paar-Str. 20, 8054 Graz, Austria - T +43 316 2572740, F +43 316 2579274 - This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. - http://www.anton-paar.com

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